Friday, April 13, 2012

Close the nukes, they are subject to beyond design basis situations frequently.

The Mortal Danger of Nuclear Reactors Exploding by Surge Waves from the World’s Dams: A Realistic Scenario.

By R. Ashok Kumar, B.E.,M.E(Power), Negentropist,. Bombay Sarvodaya Mandal, 299,
Tardeo Road, Nana Chowk, Mumbai-400007.
© 2014 Ramaswami Ashok Kumar

Modern civilization(mc) meets its needs of water for electricity and other uses by dams. At the centres of gravity of clusters of dams worldwide, these demands are translated into instantaneous changes in dam contents which result in sudden surges of pressure changes amounting to hundreds of kilometers per second of water pressure head every day. This results in surges of Love and Rayleigh waves to travel through the crust of the earth which cause sudden surges of stresses at points on the earth fortuitiously offering fulcra to such waves resulting in the heating up of rocks and their melting causing earthquakes.This is superimposed on the archimedean lever effect of the total reservoir contents forever applied at the centers of gravity of clusters of dams worldwide. The sudden heating up of the earth by dams are causing temperatures to increase in waves throughout the earth’s crust resulting in flash floods by rains induced by hurricanes/cyclones on a regular basis and huge surge waves of pressure changes at the centers of gravity of the dam clusters. When the earthquake is about to occur at a point, all the bending moments applied by all the dams of the world appear in waves at this point, with the stress creating moments vanishing at other points where the dams’ moments were previously distributed. Just after the earthquake a violent transfer of all the total giant water moments and forces takes place to fulcra in the earth and earthquakes or related events may occur(witness the plethora of quakes(so called aftershocks), avalanches, mine collapses, enormous heating of the earth and buildings and equipment and life set ablaze.
Applying the precautionary principle, we can describe a scenario realistically possible after for example, the twin great quakes of 8.7 and 8.2 moment magnitude that took place on 11th April 2012, just a couple of hours apart of each other. The 8.7 MM earthquake released a seismic moment of 1122 x 10^19.05 N-m. Thus the total stress at the focal point which caused this quake was 5610 x 10^19.05 N-m(Reference 2). This stress was caused by the dams of the world acting at location with Latitude 25,Longitude 125(Reference 1). The distance from this location to the 8.7 MM quake of the West coast of Northern Sumatra at (2.311, 93.063) is 4248 Km. The corresponding dam content change which caused this quake was 1510 billion cubic meters(bcm). As soon as this quake occurred a swarm of huge damage causing quakes occurred in the vicinity including an 8.2 MM quake. During these transients a fleeting transfer of the entire water moment exerted by the dam content changes at the center of gravity of the world’s dams at 25,125 may be felt at Kudankulam and, or Kalpakkam and the result may be catastrophic quake-related damages to the facilities. The distance from 25,125 to Kudankulam at 8.1798, 77.7051 is 5339 km.
At 1000 bcm change in world’s dam contents(Total capacity 7650 bcm), the bending moment exerted at Kudankulam would be 4668 x 10^19.05 N-m which even at 75% attenuation would result in a great quake at Kudankulam. Without dam effects, such a result has not happened in the past except for human errors(design and operation) as at Three Mile Island, Chernobyl and Narora. As already told above, such a mighty force need not result in an earthquake, but may nevertheless cause a nuclear explosion. These dynamics are beyond design basis of the reactors today. But the effects have already occurred at Kashiwasaki Kariwa and ongoing at Fukushima and recently at the French Nuclear plant at Penly where the pump was damaged and fires broke out after an earthquake in the vicinity.
There is no question of designing reactors for such huge effects. Shut them down now.And who is the genius who designed such contraptions without a dump for their wastes?

The risk is brought out by the Figure GL above which depicts the trend of great earthquakes in 4
hydrological years 2008 to 2011.
In this figure, the ordinate is the daily peak magnitude earthquake’s seismic moment magnitude, value x
10^19.05 N-m, while the abscissa denotes the daily change in the Total Reservoir Contents of 30
Indian Dams with a combined capacity of 238 Billion Cubic Meters(BCM). The trend shows that
beyond 16 to 20 BCM Total Daily Reservoir Content Change, a great earthquake may occur with a
peak magnitude of 8.9 to 9MM or more.

The Croatians who are testing the Kudankulam reactor NON-DESTRUCTIVELY seem to be worried as they are having, it seems, a good look at the glaring lacuna posed by dams in the design to meet water needs of modern civilization.

1.Predicting Earthquakes at
2.Earthquakes caused by dams at
3.Glaring lacuna in meeting water needs:Nuclear Effect in Causing Earthquakes at
4. Unit 4 at Fukushima corresponds to such a phenomenon: